post-war women programmers

(these are notes on the images on the page above) THERE MUST BE MORE TO THIS!!! image now named Grace Hopper UNIVAC diversity xxx SI Neg. 83-14878. Date: na.Grace Murray Hopper at the UNIVAC keyboard, c. 1960. Grace Brewster Murray: American mathematician and rear admiral in the U.S. Navy who was a pioneer in developing computer technology, helping to devise UNIVAC I. the first commercial electronic computer, and naval applications for COBOL (common-business-oriented language). Credit: Unknown (Smithsonian Institution) COBOL001-800.jpg via http://americanhistory.si.edu/cobol/getting-cobol-to-run The COBOL project brought together a diverse group´┐Żmen, women, African Americans, and Asian Americans. At Remington Rand UNIVAC, team members used the room-sized Univac I and Univac II computers. Grace Hopper, shown at center right in the first photograph, directed the group. Programs were entered on reels of magnetic tape, using a special form of typewriter called a Unityper. fruitful google image searches: grace hopper invention http://www.turing.org.uk/turing/scrapbook/manmach.html Turing's assistants on the software writing were women, Cicely Popplewell and Audrey Bates. This set-up neatly confirmed Manchester stereotypes: hard soft engineering mathematics Williams, Kilburn Newman, Turing things concepts north south Real Manchester Virtual Womanchester Has much changed? At least women in computing and gender issues are on the agenda. WREN = WRNS, Women's Royal Naval Service. ENIGMA = Alan Turing: The Enigma, Andrew Hodges 20TH = A History of Computing in the 20th Century, Metropolis, Howlett, Rota, MIT Press Cicely Popplewell. age 74, (assuming 25 in 1950; b. 1925) W/Audrey Bates, Turing's first programmers. Interviewed for job summer 1949. Cambridge math. grad., experience in punched cards used in housing statistics. Good quote p402. ENIGMA p401. Audrey Bates. Age likely mid/late 70's. W/Popplewell, Turing's first programmers. No other data. ENIGMA p401. Ada Lovelace. 1840's. Joan Clarke. Age 84, assuming 25 in 1940. Hired at Bletchley, 1940. Math. Prof. Likely not programmer, but may have done proto-programming on Bombes etc. (Women/WREN proto-programmers needs persuing.) ENIGMA p195. Odette Wylie. ? A WREN, "Odette" (first name?) married Shaun Wylie (Bletchley). May be HEATH ROBINSON worker/programmer. Long shot. 20TH p39. I.J. Good, Donald Michie, and "some thirty WRENS". Operators of HEATH ROBINSON. 20th p60. WRENS, COLOSSUS. Once regularized, some work was arranged into decision trees which were handled by WRENS, with a Senior WREN as Chief Operator. With refs. 20TH p75. Prof. Kathleen Booth nee Britten. Age 78, assuming 25 in 1946 (see ref). Andrew D. Booth designed hardware, Kathleen software for a relay/drum machine. 20TH pp-- Ref, p553 Program, p554 Photo, p556 Photo, p560 References, p560-561 Adele Goldstine. Coded function tables for ENIAC, MANIAC? (LASL) 20TH p459. Klari von Neumann? Daughter? Wife? Worked on ENIAC function tables. 20TH p459. Lois Cook (Leurgans). Age 76, assuming 25 in 1948 (photo below) Great photo, 20TH p461. Metropolis' references to "R. Bivins, L. Cook, M. Jones, D. Bradford, E. Alei, M. Tsingou" as programmers. 20TH p462 Goldstine. UN/ATTRIBUTED PHOTOS: (separate section) COLOSSUS operators, likely WRENs, 20TH p49. ENIAC operators, 20TH p317. J.E. Robertson's daughter playing with ILLIAC console, 20TH p353. Many women in WHIRLWIND photo, 20TH p383-384. Woman at IBM console, 20TH p398. Woman with